Permaculture: an ecological and sustainable approach to gardening

La permaculture : une approche écologique et durable du jardinage

More and more gardeners are adopting permaculture , a gardening method that focuses on sustainability, ecology and harmony with nature.

But what exactly is permaculture?

How to apply it in your garden?

This article details this revolutionary approach and offers some tips to get you started.

1. What is permaculture?

Permaculture is an approach to gardening (and more broadly agriculture) that seeks to create productive and sustainable growing systems by imitating natural ecosystems .

It is based on three fundamental ethical principles: caring for the earth , caring for people and sharing resources equitably .

2. Design and observation

Before starting a permaculture garden, observation is essential . This involves understanding the topography, climate, soil quality and resources available in the area. Then, the garden design is planned to maximize the use of these resources while minimizing waste and human intervention.

3. The importance of guilds

A guild is a group of plants and animals that coexist harmoniously and mutually benefit from each other. In a permaculture garden, different plants are combined to promote growth , repel pests and enrich the soil. For example, tomatoes can be planted next to marigolds to repel nematodes.

4. Saving water

One of the pillars of permaculture is the judicious use of water . This is achieved by setting up terraced gardens, mounds, or even rainwater harvesting systems. Mulching is also a common technique to conserve soil moisture.

5. Polyculture rather than monoculture

Instead of growing a single plant over a large area (monoculture), permaculture encourages polyculture. This means growing a diversity of plants together , which reduces the spread of disease, increases biodiversity and maximizes space productivity.

6. Integrate rather than separate

In permaculture, each element has several functions. For example, a pond can be a source of water, a habitat for fish, and a reflection to increase sunlight in a shaded area. Everything is interconnected.

7. Soil: our greatest resource

Soil health is at the heart of permaculture. Rather than using chemical fertilizers, we rely on compost , green manures and animals (such as chickens or earthworms) to nourish and aerate the soil.


Permaculture is not just a gardening method, it is a philosophy, a way of life. It teaches us to work with nature and not against it, to observe and respect natural cycles. By integrating these principles into your garden, not only will you contribute to a more sustainable world, but you will also benefit from a healthier, productive and harmonious garden.

Read more

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